William M Denevan, noted author and Professor Emeritus of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, said on this subject in his essay "The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492"; "The decline of native American populations was rapid and severe, probably the greatest demographic disaster ever. In many regions, particularly the tropical lowlands, populations fell by 90 percent or more in the first century after the contact.
" Estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U. vary significantly, ranging from William M Denevan's 3.8 million in his 1992 work The Native Population of the Americas in 1492, to 18 million in Henry F Dobyns's Their Number Become Thinned (1983). or forced) became a consistent policy through American administrations.
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States.
Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population, cultural, and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange.
Smallpox epidemics are thought to have caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations.As most Native American groups had historically preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, the first written sources of the conflict were written by Europeans.At the time of the first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and mostly Christian immigrants.The first Black Native Americans emerged from these groups. Some Native American Tribes Held Slaves: Unfortunately, the relationship between Blacks and Natives prior to emancipation was often rocky, as some Native tribes sided with the Confederacy and owned slave plantations.While the dynamics between Native slave holders and enslaved Africans was often different than those that existed on European run plantations, this still complicated the Black/Native relationship in a way that challenges the narrative many of us have embraced regarding that connection, which brings us to… You Do Not Have "Indian Up In Your Family": As Harvard University historian Henry Louis Gates, Jr.In other words, our variances in complexion and hair texture are more likely to be attributed to our White ancestry (which most of us have via slavery, even if we cannot trace it back on our family trees) than the "Cherokee" heritage so many of us have been claiming for so many years.Unless you have documented evidence, please stop telling people that Grandma Mary Louise Jenkins was "full-blood Indian" just because she rocked long, silky plaits her entire life.Here are a few important things to know about the relationship between Blacks and Native Americans.Feel free to share these with your little cousin after snatching off the handmade feather headband she made in school and ruining all her racially insensitive fun. How We First Hooked Up: The earliest recorded African and Native American contact occurred in April 1502, when the first enslaved Africans were taken to Hispanola; some Africans escaped to Santo Domingo.Oh, and don't run out telling people you're 12 percent White now and acting like that makes you mixed, either. Okay, Maybe You Do Have Some Native Blood: Some Seminole Natives of Florida did form communities with escaped Africans, creating what came to be known as Black Seminoles.Hundreds of Africans traveled with the Seminole nation when they were forced to relocate to Native American territory, while some remained with those who stayed in Florida.