The state has wide variations between winter and summer temperatures, decreasing south through the state.Violent thunderstorms and tornadoes occur primarily during spring and summer, but sometimes in autumn.
In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, France ceded the Louisiana territory to Spain.In the 1690s, Spain established trade connections with the Apaches, whose territory then included western Nebraska.By 1703, France had developed a regular trade with the native peoples along the Missouri River in Nebraska, and by 1719 had signed treaties with several of these peoples.is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States. Its state capital is Lincoln, and its largest city is Omaha, which is on the Missouri River.The state is bordered by South Dakota to the north, Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River, Kansas to the south, Colorado to the southwest and Wyoming to the west. Indigenous peoples including Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and various branches of the Lakota (Sioux) tribes lived in the region for thousands of years before European exploration.On May 30, 1854, the US Congress created the Kansas and the Nebraska territories, divided by the Parallel 40° North, under the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Under the Homestead Act, thousands of settlers migrated into Nebraska to claim free land granted by the federal government.Because so few trees grew on the prairies, many of the first farming settlers built their homes of sod, as had the Native Americans such as the Omaha.The historic tribes in the state included the Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and various branches of the Lakota (Sioux), some of which migrated from eastern areas into this region.When European exploration, trade, and settlement began, both Spain and France sought to control the region.The Great Plains occupy most of western Nebraska, characterized by treeless prairie, suitable for cattle-grazing.The state has a large agriculture sector and is a major producer of beef, pork, corn and soybeans.