A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD.During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward.Around 260, the Germanic peoples broke into Roman-controlled lands.
Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, philosophers, musicians, sportspeople, entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers, and inventors.
Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.
During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.
With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union.
Germany's capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen.